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Nanjing is a city that I have wanted to visit since I first started studying China. It's a city that has served as the capital for multiple Chinese empires; some of the first Asian sites of human habitation were located in Nanjing. When the last dynasty was overthrown by the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the newborn Republic of China chose Nanjing as the capital. The mausoleum of Sun Yatsen, the Republic's first president, is located just outside the city limits, along with the mausoleum of a Ming emperor (which says a lot about how revered Sun Yatsen is by the Chinese people).