You are here

Lesson 3 Birthday

Submitted by vuchinie on Mon, 02/24/2014 - 14:23

Words for Lesson 3 

Familiarize yourself with the vocabulary below and practing using it in the exercises below. 

Tiān

Day

今天

Jīntiān

Today

明天

Míngtiān

Tomorrow

昨天 日

Zuótiān

Yesterday

Shēng

Birth

 Rì

Day

生日

Shēngrì

Birthday

Kuài

Fast

Music

快乐

Kuàilè

Happy

Zhù

To wish

谢谢

 Xièxiè

Thank you

干杯

Gānbēi

Cheers

Diàn

Electricity

Huà

Words

电话

Diànhuà 

Telephone

打电话

Dǎ diànhuà

To make a phone call

号码

Hàomǎ

Number

Duō

How many

Shǎo

Less

 

 

 

 

 

Expressing the Date

In Chinese, you need to use the words 月,日, and/or 号 to represent a date. 月 is used for the number of the month, while 日 or 号 is used for the value of the day. Look at the examples below and then complete the exercises.

八月四日 August 4

十月三号 October 3

十二月三十一日 December 31

一月二十五号  January 25

Exercise 

A. Translate the following days from English to Chinese.

May 10

November 14

February 3

July 18

B. Look at the calender below and fill in the blanks.

昨天 五月十九号。今天__月__号。___五月二十一号。

Asking for the date

When asking for the date in Chinese, the interogative particle 几 is necessary. The structure is given below.

今天几月几号? What is today's date?

The same structure is used when using 明天 or 昨天. 

Birthday Phrases

When wishing someone a happy birthday, use the phrase 祝你生日快乐, which directly translates to "wish you a happy birthday". 干杯 is equivalent to the English phrase of "Cheers!" 

Asking for a Phone Number 

In the dialogue, the phrase 你的电话号码是多少?translates to "what is your phone number?"。 你的电话号码 translates your phone number and 是多少 means is what?

Watching the Video

Now that you have a better understanding of the grammar points for this chapter, go back to the link above and rewatch the dialogues, this time paying attention to the new grammar points.

Skype with your Language Partner

Now that you understand the grammar points and the new vocabulary words, you are ready to skype with your language partner. Before you begin, think of what you will ask and tell your partner. Here are some suggestions based on the lesson.

When is your birthday?

What is your number?

What is today's date?

What is tomorrow's date?

Your mother/father/family members' birthdays

Writing Assessment

It's time to write using what you have learned this lesson. You can write about the date of your birthday, your phone number, etc. Write a blog post here.   

Answers to Exercises

A. 五月十号/日

十月十四号/日

二月三号/日

七月十八号/日

B。五    二十    明天